Entrance Test Portions

Admission will be based on an interactive session with the concerned department.

MATHEMATICS

  • Number 1 to 10
  • Oral counting numbers 1-30
  • Missing numbers
  • Basic Shapes
  • Patterns
  • Matching
  • Concepts – big and small, long and short, fat and thin, heavy and light, empty and full.

ENGLISH

  • Small letter a to z
  • Phonic sounds with associated pictures a to z
  • Sight words
  • Circle the correct sound
  • Missing letters

MATHEMATICS

  • Written Numbers 1-50
  • Oral numbers 1 -100
  • Number Before, Number After, Missing Numbers (1 – 50 )
  • Number Names 1 – 20
  • Addition – Single Digit
  • Subtraction – Single Digit.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Capital and Small Letters Aa – Zz
  • Three and Four Letters Rhyming Words
  • Make sentences eg wet, run, top etc
  • Initial Letter Sounds
  • One and many
  • Opposites
  • Picture Comprehension

MATHEMATICS

  • Numerals 1 – 300/Number Names 1 – 300 / Tens and Ones 1-100
  • Mixed sums – Addition/Subtraction – 2 digits with 2 digits/Story sums
  • Months of Year / Days of the Week
  • All concepts between 1 – 300 – Number before/after/between/missing numbers/comparison of numbers
  • Time – One Hour, Half hour
  • Ordinal Numbers 1-10
  • Skip Counting 2, 5, 10

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Punctuation – Capital Letters, Full Stops, Comma’s and question mark
  • Nouns ,Pronouns, Verbs, Describing words
  • Vowels
  • Singular and Plural
  • Make sentences
  • Creative Writing: 5 to 6 sentences on a given topic
  • Comprehension : unseen passage

MATHEMATICS

  • Number names 100 – 999
  • Numbers – even-odd, ascending-descending, comparison of numbers
  • Addition 3 by 3 digits with carrying over
  • Subtraction 3 by 3 digits with borrowing
  • Multiplication 2 by 1 digit with carrying over
  • Tables 2 to 9
  • Time – Full hour and half hour
  • Shapes – 2 Dimensional and 3 Dimensional
  • Pattern and Fractions – ½, ¼, ¾
  • Simple story sums of Addition and Subtraction

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Punctuation – Capital Letters, Full Stops, Comma’s and question mark
  • Nouns: Proper Noun and Common Noun ; Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives
  • Articles
  • Conjunctions
  • Compound Words
  • Singular and Plural
  • Make sentences
  • Creative Writing: 6 to 8 sentences on a given topic
  • Comprehension : unseen passage

MATHEMATICS

  • Number Names 1000 – 9999
  • Addition 4 digits by 4 digits with carrying over
  • Subtraction 4 digits by 4 digits with borrowing and 4 digits by 4 digits without borrowing
  • Multiplication 3 digits by 2 digits and 4 digits by 1 digit
  • One word problem on Subtraction and Addition
  • Tables 2 to 10

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Punctuation – Capital Letters, Full Stops, Comma’s ;question mark and exclamation mark
  • Nouns: Proper Noun and Common Noun; Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs, Adjectives
  • Articles
  • Direct Speech
  • Prefixes and Suffixes
  • Contractions
  • Creative Writing: 8 to 10 sentences on a given topic
  • Comprehension : unseen passage

MATHEMATICS

  • Number Names – 9,999 to 1,00,000
  • Indian and International Number System
  • Addition 5 digits by 5 digits ,Subtraction 5 digits by 5 digits
  • Multiplication 3 digits by 2 digits and 4 digits by 2 digits
  • Division 3 digits by 2 digits /4 digits by 2 digits / 4 digits by 3 digits
  • Mixed word problems (+, -, x, ÷)
  • Tables 2 to 12

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Rewrite the passage with proper use of punctuation marks
  • Parts of speech :Noun ; Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction
  • Articles
  • Tenses ( Present and Past Tense)
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Creative Writing: 10 to 12 sentences on a given topic
  • Comprehension : unseen passage: Give one word for; Opposites; Give meanings; Answer the following; Complete the following statements ; Give a title etc.

MATHEMATICS

  • Large Numbers
  • The four operations
  • Factors and Multiples
  • Fractions
  • Decimals
  • Basics of Geometry

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Parts of speech :Noun ; Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction
  • Articles
  • Tenses ( Present and Past Tense)
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Synonymns and antonymns
  • Paragraph Writing on a given topic
  • Comprehension : unseen passage: Give one word for; Opposites; Give meanings; Answer the following; Complete the following statements ; Give a title etc
  • Informal Letter writing

MATHEMATICS

  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Whole numbers
  • Playing with numbers
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Algebra
  • Data Handling
  • Fractions
  • Area and Perimeter
  • Decimals

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Grammar

  • Parts of speech :Noun ; Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction
  • Articles
  • Direct and Indirect Speech
  • Tenses ( Past, Present and Future)
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Idioms
  • Degrees of comparison

Comprehension

  • unseen passage

Writing

  • Informal Letter
  • Essay

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Grammar
    • Parts of speech :Noun ; Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction
    • Articles
    • Tenses : (Past, Present and Future)
    • Direct and Indirect Speech
    • Subject – Verb – Object
    • Active and Passive Voice
    • Make sentences with phrases
    • Degrees of comparison
    • Modals

    Comprehension

    • unseen passage

    Writing

    • Informal and Formal Letter
    • Essay /Descriptive writing

MATHEMATICS

    • Simple Equations
    • The Triangle and its Properties
    • Percentage and its application
    • Perimeter and Area
    • Algebraic Expressions
    • Exponents and Powers
    • Integers

SCIENCE

  • Nutrition in Plants
      • How do plants get their food?
      • Autotrophic nutrition
      • Photosynthesis
      • Raw materials for photosynthesis
      • Experiments on photosynthesis
      • Other modes of Nutrition in plants
        (Symbiosis, Parasitic, Carnivorous, Saprophytes)
  • What is thermal energy
      • What is thermal energy
      • What is temperature?
      • What is heat?
      • How is heat transferred?
      • Convection
      • Radiation
      • Conduction
      • Measuring temperature
        Clothes of and seasons
  • Basic Chemistry
      • Atom
      • Molecule
      • Element and compound
  • Nutrition in animals
      • Heterotrophic Nutrition
      • Different ways of taking food.
      • Nutrition in lower organisms
      • Digestion in humans. (Higher organisms)
      • The digestive system (The mouth and buccal cavity, types of teeth, the oesophagus, the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, anus
      • Steps in digestion
      • Digestion in grass-eating (Ruminants)animals.
      • How do living organisms obtain energy from digested food?
        How does Amoeba obtain nutrition?
  • Reproduction in plants
      • Modes of reproduction.
      • Asexual reproduction and its types.
      • Fragmentation
      • Budding
      • Spore formation
      • Vegetative propagation.
      • Artificial method of vegetative propagation
  • Basic Chemistry
      • Valency
      • Formulae
  • The periodic table of the elements
      • The organized array of all the chemical elements in order of increasing atomic number-i.e. The total number of protons in the atomic nucleus, the ‘periodic law’ in their properties, in which elements in the same column9group) have similar properties.
  • Light ,shadow and Reflection
      • Can we see a source of light through a bent tube?
      • Can we see a source of light through a bent tube?
      • How can we throw sunlight on a wall?
      • What things give images that are magnified or diminished in size?
      • How can we make a colored disc appear white?
      • Rectilinear propagation of light
      • Real and virtual image
      • Plane mirror, concave and convex mirror.
      • Lenses- Convex lens, Concave lens.
      • Composition of colours white light.
  • Respiration in organism
      • Why do we /animals breathe?
      • Do plants also breathe?
      • Do they also respire?
      • How do plants/animals live in water?
      • Respiration and breathing
      • Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration
      • Process of Respiration
      • Combustion and Respiration
      • Respiration in Birds
      • How do animals living in moist places and water breathe?
  • Physical and chemical changes
      • Differences between physical and chemical changes
      • Chang involves energy
      • Evidence of a chemical reaction
      • Elements
      • Molecules
      • Compounds
      • What happens during a chemical reaction?
      • Types of chemical reactions
      • Respiration in Birds
      • How are crystals formed?
  • Transportation of substance in plants
      • How does water move in plants?
      • How is food transported in plants?
      • Transport of substances in plants.
      • The vascular system
      • What makes water rise in the xylem tubes?
      • Translocation
      • Multiplication in plants
      • Why are some plant parts like potato, onion swollen-are they of any use to the plants
  • Transportation of substance in animals
      • Why do animals drink water?
      • Why do we sweat?
      • Why and how is there blood in all parts of the body?
      • Why is blood red?
      • Circulatory system in humans.
      • Structure of the heart
      • How does the heart work?
      • Composition of blood
      • Lymphatic system of the human body
      • Excretory system in humans
      • Do all animals have blood?
      • What are cold ad warm blooded animals?
      • What is there in urine?
  • Acid, base and salt
      • Why does turmeric stain become red on applying soap?
      • Acids and bases
      • Indicators-litmus, turmeric, China rose, phenolphthalein
      • Physical properties of acid and base
      • Neutralization
  • Electric current and its effect
      • How can we conveniently represent an electric circuit?
      • Connecting cells in parallel and in series.
      • Why does a bulb get hot?
      • How doesa fuse work?
      • How does the current in a wire affect the direction of a compass needle?
      • What is an electromagnet?
      • How does an electric bell work?
  • Acid, base and salt
      • Why does turmeric stain become red on applying soap?
      • Acids and bases
      • Indicators-litmus, turmeric, China rose, phenolphthalein
      • Physical properties of acid and base
      • Neutralization
  • Sexual Reproduction in plants
      • Pollination
      • Fertilization
      • Fruit and seed and its dispersal.
  • Time and Motion
      • Why do people feel the need to measure time?
      • How down know how fast something is moving?
      • Measurement of Time
      • Units of Time
      • Motion- Uniform-uniform motions, non-uniform motion.
      • Distance and speed- Measuring devices
  • Soil
      • Formation of soil, an ongoing process
      • What is soil made up of?
      • Soil Profile
      • Types of soil
      • Properties of soil
      • Soil and crops
      • Soil conservation
  • Soil
      • Weather, Climate and Adaptation in animals
      • Weather
      • What makes climatic conditions on the Earth suitable for life?
      • Why do different regions have different climates ?
      • Climate and adaptation
      • Tropical rainforests
      • Deserts
      • Polar regions
      • Migration
      • Climate change
      • What can cause global warming
      • Effect of climate change
  • Winds, storms and cyclones
      • Factors that determine the weather
      • What causes wind?
      • What causes thunder storms?
      • What is a cyclone?
  • Water: A Precious resource
      • Water, a renewable natural resource
      • Water cycle
      • Forms of water
      • How much water is available?
      • Sources of fresh water
      • Depletion of water table
      • What is obstructing the process that renews groundwater
      • Distribution of water
      • Water management
      • Water pollution
  • Forest- our Lifeline
      • Water, a renewable natural resource
      • Features of a forest
      • Uses of a forest
      • Interdependence of plants and animals in a forest
      • Food chains of a forest
      • Decomposers, important members of the forest
      • Destruction of forests
      • Distribution of water
  • Management of waste water
      • Sources of water pollution
      • The Sewage System
      • Wastewater treatment plant
      • Alternative methods of sewage disposal
      • Steps to prevent water pollution

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

  • Grammer
    • Parts of speech; Pronoun; Verb; Adjective; Preposition; Conjunction
    • Articles
    • Tenses:(Past, Present and Future)
    • Direct and Indirect Speech
    • Subject-Verb-Object
    • Active and Passive Voice
    • Make sentences with phrases
    • Degrees of Comparison
    • Models

    Comprehension

    • unseen passage

    Writing

    • Informal and Formal Letter
    • Descriptive writing
    • Article writing/ Report writing

MATHEMATICS

    • Rational numbers
    • Linear Equations in one variables
    • Understanding Quadrilaterals
    • Practical Geometry
    • Data Handling
    • Squares and Square roots
    • Cubes and Cube roots
    • Comparing Quantities
    • Algebraic Expressions and Identities
    • Visualising solid shapes
    • Mensuration
    • Exponents and Powers
    • Direct and Inverse Proportions
    • Factorisation
    • Introduction to Graphs
    • Playing with numbers

     

SCIENCE

  • Force and pressure
      • What happen when we push or pull anything?
      • How can we change the speed, direction of a moving object?
      • How can we shape the shape of an object?
      • Force as a result of interaction
      • Effect of force
      • Contact and non-contact force
      • Magnitude and direction of force Pressure-liquid and gas
  • As an extended learning for National Agenda
    • Observe that a constant force gives rise to a constant change in speed.
    • Observe that partial pressure sum to the total pressure of a system
    • Utilize a bar graph and data table to interpret motion.
    • Understand that as a block slides down a frictionless plane, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy with no energy lost.
    • Observe that the steepness of the plane affects the acceleration of the block but not the final velocity.
    • Calculate the velocity of a block sliding down a frictionless plane of known height.
  • Crop production and management
    • Crop production: How are different food crops produced?
    • Basic practices of crop production
    • (Preparation of soil- Tilling the soil, sowing of seeds or preparing seedlings in a nursery, irrigation, Adding manure and fertilizers to the field, protecting the crops from weeds pest control, harvesting, storage

      What are the various foods we get from animal sources?

  • Synthetic fibers and plastics
    • Are some of our clothes synthetic?
    • How are they made?
    • Where do the raw materials come from?
    • Characteristics of synthetic plastic and fiber.
    • Plastics and the environment
  • Innovation
    • Medicine in My Backyard
    • A preservation project that emphasizes transferring ancestral knowledge to- and preserving traditional plants for-future generations within a community where students play the role of ethno-botanists to investigate medicinal plants in that communities
      and read poetry written more than 900 years ago that helps reveal the healing power of plants

  • Friction
    • What causes friction?
    • Forms of friction
    • Advantages of friction
    • Reducing friction
    • Factors effecting limiting friction
    • Friction due to liquid and gas
    • Friction Necessary evil
    • Method of increasing and reducing friction
  • As an extended learning for National Agenda
    • Determine that a force is needed to cause a change in motion
    • Understand that friction is a force resisting motion.
    • See that a moving object will continue at constant speed if no forces are acting upon it.
    • Determine that larger forces cause greater changes in motion
    • Understand the relationship between speed, position, and time.
    • Observe that a constant force gives rise to a constant change in speed.
    • Observe that partial pressure sum to the total pressure of a system
    • Utilize a bar graph and data table to interpret motion.
    • Understand that as a block slide down a frictionless plane, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy with no energy lost.
    • Observe that the steepness of the plane affects the acceleration of the block but not the final velocity.
    • Calculate the velocity of a block sliding down a frictionless plane of known height.
    • Understand that friction causes a loss of kinetic energy.
    • Determine the coefficient of friction for a block sliding down an inclined plane.
  • Metal and Non-metals
    • Physical properties of Metal and Non-metal
    • Chemical properties of Metal and Non-metal
  • Some Natural phenomenon Earthquakes
    • What happens during an earthquake? What can we do to minimize its effects? What do we do with Wood?
    • What will happen if we go on cutting trees/grass without limit?
  • Materials- Metal and Non-metals
    • Chemical properties of Metal and Nonmetal
    • Uses of metal and Non-metal
    • Observe and measure the transfer of heat from one container to another via a thermal conductor.
    • Interpret a graph of heat transfer.
    • Find the relationship between the rate of temperature change and the temperature difference between the two containers.
    • Compare the rate of heat transfer for different materials.
    • Classify materials as thermal conductors or thermal insulators
  • Microorganism-Friend or foe
    • What are microorganisms?
    • Where do microorganism live?
    • Bacteria
    • Viruses
    • Unicellular algae
    • Fungi
    • Protozoa
    • Microorganisms and us
    • Food preservations
    • What living organisms do we see under a microscope in a drop of water?
    • History of microbiology
    • Where do microorganism live?
    • Nitrogen cycle
    • As an extended learning for National Agenda
    • Explain the functions of paramecium cell structures.
    • Describe how a paramecium maintains a stable internal concentration of solutes.
    • Discover what happens too much water goes into a paramecium.
    • Relate the frequency of vacuole contractions to the solute concentration of the solution.
  • Cell structure and function The cell
    • Research and discuss the discovery of cell
    • Describe the structures and purposes of basic components of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. especially macromolecules, membranes and organelles
    • Explain the components of the scientific theory of cells: all organisms are composed of cells, all cells come from pre-existing cells, and cells are the basic unit of life.
    • Describe the structure and function of the nucleus and distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
    • Describe the structure and function of cell membrane, cytoplasm, and mitochondria.
    • Describe the structure and function of cell walls, vacuoles, and chloroplast and distinguish between plant animal cells.
    • As an extended learning for National Agenda
    • Learn the names and functions of cell organelles
    • Identify organelles on a diagram of an animal or a plant cell
    • Explain how plant cells are different from animal cells.
    • Explain what occurs in stages of mitosis.
    • Estimate of the cell cycle and plot a graph.
  • Chemical effects of electric current
    • Classify liquids as conductors and insulators
    • Describe the chemical effects of electric current
    • Ionization
    • Electrolytes (strong and weak)
    • Non- Electrolytes
    • Application of electrolysis
    • Observe and state a electric tester and electroplating
    • List out the uses of electrolysis
    • Materials-
  • Sound
    • Loudness of sound
    • Loudness and pitch
    • Pitch of sound
    • Frequency of vibrations and quality of sound
    • Vibration,
    • sound with tuning fork,
    • Travel through vacuum,
    • Ear,
    • noise pollution
  • Coal and petroleum
    • Natural resources, coal, petroleum, natural gas, conservation of fossil fuels.
    • What do we do with coal and petroleum?
    • Can we create coal and petroleum artificially?
  • Reproduction in animals
    • Mode of reproduction
    • Sexual Reproduction in animals
    • Sexual Reproduction in humans
    • Asexual Reproduction
      (As an extended learning for National Agenda)
    • Observe that offspring resemble their parents.
    • Compare the results of sexual and asexual reproduction
    • Distinguish between traits that are determined by genes and those that are acquired.
    • Understand that acquired traits are not passed on to offspring
    • Observe different types of inheritance
  • Reaching the age of Adolescence
    • Adolescence and Puberty
    • Changes of Puberty
    • The human endocrine system
    • How is the gender of a child determined?
    • Health care during adolescence
    • Hormones other than sex hormone
    • Reproduction phase in humans
    • Reproductive health
    • Nutrition needs of Adolescence
  • Combustion and flame
    • What is combustion?
    • Types of combustion
    • Conditions necessary for combustion
    • Why does combustion of a fuel produce heat?
    • Which fuel is best?
    • Criteria for an ideal fuel
    • How does a candle burn?
    • How does the wax begin to burn?
    • The candle flame
    • Ways of extinguishing fire
    • Types of fuel
    • Combustion and air pollution
  • Light
    • What are the differences between the images formed on a new utensil and an old one?
    • Why is there this difference?
    • When you see your image in the mirror it appears as if the left is on the right. Why?
    • Why don’t we see images on all surfaces around us?
    • What makes things visible?
    • How do we see images of our back in a mirror?
    • Why do we sometimes see colours on oil films on water?
    • What is inside our eyes that enables us to see?
    • Why are some people unable to see?
    • Pollution of Air and water.
    • What are the various activities by human beings that make air impure?
    • Does clear transparent water indicate purity?
  • Conservation of Plants and Animals
    • What is biodiversity?
    • What are reserve forests/ sanctuaries etc.?
    • What damages forest?v
    • Do we keep track of our plants and animals?
    • How do we know that some species are in danger of disappearing?
    • Protection of forest
    • Conservation of plants and animals
    • Role of government in conserving biodiversity
    • What would happen if you continuously cut trees?
  • Some natural Phenomena
    • Lightening
    • Electric Chargesv
    • How can an object acquire static electricity ?
    • Types of charges and their Interactions
    • What happens when two charged objects are brought close to each other
    • Detecting electric charge
    • What causes lightning strikes
    • Harmful effects of lightening
    • Lightening also has some beneficial effects
    • Earthquake
    • Structure of the Earth’s Interior
    • What is Richter Scale?
  • Pollution of air and water
    • What is polluted air?
    • How does air get polluted?
    • Effects of air pollution
    • What can we do to prevent air pollution and global warming?
    • Water pollution
    • Effects of water pollution
    • Potable water
    • Purification of water
  • Stars and the solar system
    • Composition of stars
    • The sun
    • Why does the sun seem to move across the sky during the day?
    • Constellations
    • Galaxy
    • The moon
    • Planets
    • Classification of planets of the solar system
    • Artificial satellite
    • Prevention of water pollution

English Language And Literature (Code No. 184)
Syllabus Class – IX (2018-19)

 

SECTION A: READING                                                                                                                                                                                                            (10 marks)

  • Factual passage
  • A Discursive passage
  • Short Answer type Questions to test inference, evaluation and analysis with Very Short Answer Questions to test vocabulary

 

SECTION B: WRITING AND GRAMMAR                                                                                                                                                                    (15 marks)

  • Writing an Article/ Descriptive Paragraph( person/ place/ event/diary entry) in about 100-150 words based on visual or verbal
    cue/s.
  • Writing a short story based on a given outline or cue/s
  • The Grammar syllabus will include the following areas in class IX :
    1. Tenses
    2. Modals
    3. Use of passive voice
    4. Subject – verb concord
    5. Reporting Commands and requests, Statements, Questions
    6. Clauses: (i) Noun clauses (ii) Adverb clauses of condition and time (iii) Relative clauses
    7. Determiners
    8. Prepositions
    The above items may be tested through test types(grammar in context) as given below:
  • Q. 5: Gap filling with one or two words to test Prepositions, Articles, Conjunctions and Tenses. 4 marks
  • Q. 6: Editing or omission 4 marks
  • Q. 7: Sentences reordering or sentence transformation in context. 4 marks

SCIENCE

Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behavior
Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation. Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions. Particle nature, basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of constant proportions, Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons and neutrons, valency, chemical formula of common compounds. Isotopes and Isobars.
Unit II: Organization in the Living World
Cell – Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes – basic structure, number.
Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).
Biological Diversity: Diversity of plants and animals – basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non-chordates up to phyla and chordates up to classes).
Health and Diseases: Health and its failure. Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans) and their prevention; Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse Polio programmes.
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work Motion:
Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, derivation of equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion. Force and Newton’s laws : Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of Momentum. Gravitation: Gravitation; Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Free fall. Floatation: Thrust and Pressure. Archimedes’ Principle; Buoyancy; Elementary idea of Relative Density.
Work, energy and power: Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy. Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR. Structure of the Human Ear (Auditory aspect only).
Unit IV: Our Environment
Physical resources : Air, Water, Soil. Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India. Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages. Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature: Water, Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen.
Unit V: Food Production
Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; Use of fertilizers and manures; Protection from pests and diseases; Organic farming.

SCIENCE

Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behavior 

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics – shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation. Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions. Particle nature, basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of constant proportions, Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons and neutrons, valency, chemical formula of common compounds. Isotopes and Isobars.

 

Unit II: Organization in the Living World 

Cell – Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes – basic structure, number.

Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).

Biological Diversity: Diversity of plants and animals – basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non-chordates up to phyla and chordates up to classes).

Health and Diseases: Health and its failure. Infectious and Non-infectious diseases, their causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and Protozoans) and their prevention; Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse Polio programmes.

Unit III: Motion, Force and Work Motion:

Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance-time and velocity-time graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, derivation of equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion. Force and Newton’s laws : Force and Motion, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Action and Reaction forces, Inertia of a body, Inertia and mass, Momentum, Force and Acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of Momentum. Gravitation: Gravitation; Universal Law of Gravitation, Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), Acceleration due to Gravity; Mass and Weight; Free fall. Floatation: Thrust and Pressure. Archimedes’ Principle; Buoyancy; Elementary idea of Relative Density.

Work, energy and power: Work done by a Force, Energy, power; Kinetic and Potential energy; Law of conservation of energy. Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR. Structure of the Human Ear (Auditory aspect only).

Unit IV: Our Environment 

Physical resources : Air, Water, Soil. Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India. Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages. Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature: Water, Oxygen, Carbon and Nitrogen.

Unit V: Food Production

Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; Use of fertilizers and manures; Protection from pests and diseases; Organic farming.